THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MODELS OF PROVIDING CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF A CRIMINAL ASSOCIATION AND SOME WAYS OF SOLVING COMMON PROBLEMS

English
Year: 
2017
Issue number: 
2
Author: 
Popov Vitaliy
Candidate of law, lecturer (Yekaterinburg)

Resume:

The article is devoted to the analysis of sources of international, foreign and domestic criminal law in order to find common features in regulating criminal liability for belonging to a criminal association (criminal organization). The author concludes that the concept of organized criminal group under the United Nations Convention against transnational organized crime do not correspond to the concept of criminal association (criminal organization). There is no content of terms «criminal organization» and «criminal association» in international criminal law, but the terms are known.

The author exposes common approaches to issues concerning a concept of criminal association (criminal organization) and proposes his own definition of this concept: criminal organization shall mean a group of four or more persons having structural subdivisions and acting in concert with the aim of committing one or more crimes.

In conclusion the author says that the issues of criminal liability for organizing a criminal association are regulated similarly in different countries. Distinctions are in methods of the fixation of criminal-law rules (using the common abstract terms or casuistic method) and in other measures of criminal law providing the effective fight against criminal associations (criminal organizations).

Key words: 
criminal association, criminal organization, criminal legislation, foreign countries, international law, organized criminal group

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