THE RSFSR CODE OF LAWS ON MARRIAGE, THE FAMILY, AND GUARDIANSHIP OF 1926: THE CORRELATION OF IDEOLOGICAL AND LEGAL COMPONENTS

English
Year: 
2016
Issue number: 
2
Author: 
Dorskaya Aleksandra
Doctor of law, professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Moscow)

Resume:

The author claims that the study of the history of Russian family law, in particular Soviet family codes, becomes relevant. She thinks that there are the links between problems of family law and other problems arising during the first years of Soviet authority, i. e. full and partial legal capability, women’s legal position, and freedom of religion. She also discusses approaches to defining family law in Soviet Russia ranging from the attempts to codify it as a separate legal sphere to the experiment with including the rules of family law into the civil legislation. Taking the RSFSR Code of Laws on Marriage, the Family, and Guardianship of 1926 as an example, the author analyzes the principles and rules of family law from the legal and ideological perspective, and compares them to the principles and laws enshrined in laws of 1918. She detects a number of family law problems that had been accumulating by 1920s and had to be addressed. The author reveals the main point of the discussion which had preceded the adoption of the Code of Laws on Marriage, the Family, and Guardianship of 1926. The latter is cited as one the most liberal codes in the history of Russian family law. There is a review of different opinions concerning the legal regulation of marriage and family relations having a foreign element in 1920–1930s. The author explains why many provision of the Code of Laws on Marriage, the Family, and Guardianship of 1926 were declined from the mid-1930s and especially during the Great Patriotic War when the policy of country’s leadership was changing rapidly.

Key words: 
code of laws on marriage, the family, and guardianship, family law, marriage, family, marriage and family relations, children, guardianship and trusteeship, civil registry

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